Main Menu

Sponsored Links


Web Cartoon Maker: a Fun Way to Learn C++ Contents Previous Next

Increment and decrement operators

Incrementing and decrementing are such common operations that C++ provides special operators for them. The ++ operator adds one to the current value of an int, char or double, and -- subtracts one. Neither operator works on a string , and neither should be used on a bool variable.

Technically, it is legal to increment a variable and use it in an expression at the same time. For example, you might see something like:

ShowText ( iX++ );

Looking at this, it is not clear whether the increment will take effect before or after the value is displayed. Because expressions like this tend to be confusing, I would discourage you from using them. In fact, to discourage you even more, I’m not going to tell you what the result is. If you really want to know, you can try it.

We can rewrite CountDown using -- operator:

void CountDown ( int iN )


while ( iN > 0 )


ShowText ( iN );



ShowText ( "START!!!" );


It is a common error to write something like

iN = iN++; // WRONG!!

Unfortunately, this is syntactically legal, so the compiler will not warn you. The effect of this statement is to leave the value of iN unchanged (which should give you a hint as to the answer to the earlier question). This is often a difficult bug to track down.

Remember, you can write iN = iN +1; or you can write iN++; but you shouldn’t mix them.

Contents Previous Next

New Tales Animator Video by Alan Sturgess

Alan Sturgess shared an excellent video he made using Tales Animator! You can still download Tales Animator here. Unfortunately it is only available for Wi


Simple Online Character Designer

There is a prototype of simple online character designer available HERE. It is only a prototype, it does not contain many pieces yet but it can already generat


Book is updated

Now our book "Web Cartoon Maker: A Fun Way to Learn C++" is fully in synch with WCM 1.5! It is available for download and online reading HERE.


Web Cartoon Maker 1.5 is here!

Web Cartoon Maker 1.5 is finally here! You can download it HERE! Here is what was updated in version 1.5: Web Cartoon Maker Desktop Edition is now fully standal


read more news...